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Chapter 15: Conclusion

REBIRTH VIEWS   IN THE SURANGAMA SUTRA (Fifth Edition) Dr. Bhikkhunī Giới Hương   CHAPTER XV CONCLUSION The Buddha taught that we must be aware of  seven species: hell (niraya), ghosts (pittivisaya), animals (tiracchānayoni), humans (manussa), immortals (half deva-human), heavenly (deva), asura (asurakāya) in order to encourage us to cultivate sincerely. Such seven species are dark [...]

Chapter 14: Immortals, Heavens And Asuras

REBIRTH VIEWS   IN THE SURANGAMA SUTRA (Fifth Edition) Dr. Bhikkhunī Giới Hương   CHAPTER XIV IMMORTALS, HEAVENS,  AND ASURAS Immortals Theravāda Sūtras in the beginning period often teach that there are six realms in the universe, but later in the Mahāyāna Sūtras, they add one more realm of immortal. Therefore, we have seven realms, such [...]

Chapter 13: Six Consequences

REBIRTH VIEWS   IN THE SURANGAMA SUTRA (Fifth Edition) Dr. Bhikkhunī Giới Hương   CHAPTER XIII SIX CONSEQUENCES What are six consequences? Ānanda, all living beings have created karma with their six consciousnesses. Therefore, they are subjected to evil consequences. All these wrongs come from six sense faculties. What are the negative consequences from six sense [...]

Chapter 12: Ten Habitual Causes Of Hell

REBIRTH VIEWS   IN THE SURANGAMA SUTRA (Fifth Edition) Dr. Bhikkhunī Giới Hương   CHAPTER XII TEN HABITUAL CAUSES OF HELL Ānanda, all seven realms come from the karma of creature beings who themselves receive the retributions for what they invoke. For example, if they have created ten habitual causes, so they must bear six corresponding [...]

Chapter 11: Bad Habits Produce Seven Realms

REBIRTH VIEWS   IN THE SURANGAMA SUTRA (Fifth Edition) Dr. Bhikkhunī Giới Hương   CHAPTER XI  BAD HABITS PRODUCE  SEVEN REALMS Venerable Ānanda presented to the Buddha: “World- Honored One, Bhikkhunī (Bhikṣuṇī) Valuable Lotus Fragrance ordained the bodhisattva precepts but she commits sexual intercourse and then confirms that the sexual relations are not serious as killing [...]

Chapter 10: Thrê Gradual Progress Steps

REBIRTH VIEWS   IN THE SURANGAMA SUTRA (Fifth Edition) Dr. Bhikkhunī Giới Hương   CHAPTER X THREE GRADUAL PROGRESS STEPS In the conclusion of the original cause of the upside-down states, arises the meaning of three gradual progress practices:  “Ānanda, each species of creature beings has twelve styles of the upside-down states, just as due to [...]

Chapter 09: Twelve Species Of Living Beings

REBIRTH VIEWS   IN THE SURANGAMA SUTRA (Fifth Edition) Dr. Bhikkhunī Giới Hương   CHAPTER IX TWELVE SPECIES OF  LIVING BEINGS “Ānanda, you now want to cultivate the true samādhi to reach straight at the Tathāgata’s parinirvana. First, you must realize two upside-down causes of living beings and the world. If this upside-down state does not [...]

Chapter 06: Samatha

REBIRTH VIEWS   IN THE SURANGAMA SUTRA (Fifth Edition) Dr. Bhikkhunī Giới Hương   CHAPTER VI ŚAMATHA Having heard the five questions and answers about delusion (samohaṃ) and enlightenment (bodhi), three consecutive themes of the world, living beings, and karmic retribution, Venerable Ānanda cried and said that we are like sunken people in the suffering ocean, [...]

Chapter 05: Two Difficult Problems

REBIRTH VIEWS   IN THE SURANGAMA SUTRA (Fifth Edition) Dr. Bhikkhunī Giới Hương   CHAPTER V TWO DIFFICULT PROBLEMS In this section, Venerable Purnamaitreyaniputra (Purna) began appearing. Venerable Purna, well known as one of the ten excellent disciples of the Buddha, is the most eloquent analyst in the Saṅgha. At that time, Venerable Purna presented that [...]

Chapter 04: The Two Fundamental Roots

REBIRTH VIEWS   IN THE SURANGAMA SUTRA (Fifth Edition) Dr. Bhikkhunī Giới Hương   CHAPTER IV THE TWO FUNDAMENTAL ROOTS I. PERMANENCE AND MOVEMENT From his seat, Ānanda, who opened his robe on the right shoulder, prostrated and addressed the Buddha: “I am the Tathāgata's youngest cousin-brother, whom the Buddha loved very much. Even after I [...]

Chapter 02: The Reason For The Surangama Sutra

REBIRTH VIEWS   IN THE SURANGAMA SUTRA (Fifth Edition) Dr. Bhikkhunī Giới Hương   CHAPTER II THE REASON FOR THE  ŚŪRAṄGAMA SUTRA “Then one day, on the the death anniversary of King Prasenajit’s father, King Prasenajit arranged a delicious vegetarian feast at his palace and invited the Buddha and his disciples. The king himself welcomed the [...]
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