Concise Pali-English Dictionary
A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera

  – C –

ca [copulative or disjunctive particle] and; then; now.

cakita [adj.] disturbed; afraid.

cakora [m.] the francolin partridge.

cakka [nt.] a wheel; circle; disc; cycle; command.

cakkaṅkita [adj.] having a wheelmark.

cakkapāṇī [m.] the God Vishnu (in whose hand is a disc).

cakkayuga [nt.] a pair of wheels.

cakkaratana [nt.] jewel wheel of a universal monarch.

cakkavattī [m.] a universal monarch.

cakkavāka [m.] the ruddy goose.

cakkavālapabbata [m.] the (circular) rock supposed to encircle the earth.

cakkavāḷa [m.; nt.] a world-circle; a solar system.

cakkavāḷagabbha [m.] the interior of a world-circle.

cakkasamārūḷha [adj.] having mounted their vehicles (in an emergency).

cakkhu [nt.] the eye.

cakkhuka [adj.] having eyes.

cakkhuda [adj.] one who gives the eye (of understanding).

cakkhudada [adj.] one who gives the eye (of understanding).

cakkhudhātu [f.] the element of vision.

cakkhupatha [m.] the range of vision.

cakkhubhūta [adj.] possessor of right understanding.

cakkhumantu [adj.] endowed with eyes.

cakkhulola [adj.] greedy to see many things.

cakkhuviññāṇa [nt.] visual cognition.

cakkhuviññeyya [adj.] to be apperceived by the sense of sight.

cakkhusamphassa [m.] contact with the vision.

cakkhussa [adj.] good for the eyes.

caṅkama [m.] a terraced walk; walking up and down.

caṅkamati [kam + ṃ – a; kam is doubled and the former k is changed to c] walks up and down.

caṅkamana [nt.] a terraced walk; walking up and down.

caṅkamanta [pr.p. of caṅkamati] walking up and down.

caṅkami [aor. of caṅkamati] walked up and down.

caṅkamitvā [abs. of caṅkamati] having walked up and down.

caṅgavāra [m.] milk-strainer.

caṅgoṭaka [m.] a casket.

caccara [nt.] a courtyard; a cross road.

cajati [caj + a] lets loose; abandons; gives up.

cajana [nt.] leaving aside; abandonment.

cajanta [pr.p. of cajati] letting loose; abandoning.

cajamāna [pr.p. of cajati] letting loose; abandoning.

caji [aor. of cajati] let loose; abandoned; gave up.

cañcala [adj.] unsteady; moving.

caṭaka [m.] a sparrow. || cātaka (m.) a hornbill.

caṇaka [m.] gram

caṇḍa [adj.] fierce; violent; passionate.

caṇḍasota [m.] violent stream.

caṇḍahatthī [m.] a fierce elephant.

caṇḍāla [m.] an outcaste or untouchable.

caṇḍālakula [nt.] the lowest caste.

caṇḍālī [f.] a caṇḍāla woman.

caṇḍikka [nt.] ferocity.

catu [adj.] four.

catukka [nt.] a set of four; a cross road.

catukkaṇṇa : rectangular; having four corners.

catukkhattu [adv.] four times.

catugguṇa [adj.] four-fold; quadruple.

catucattāḷīsati [f.] forty-four.

catujjātigandha [m.] four kinds of perfumes, viz. saffron, jasmine,Turkish plant named Turukkha, and a kind of Greek flower.

catuttiṃsati [f.] thirty-four.

catuttha [adj.] fourth.

catudoṇika [adj.] holding 4 doṇas.

catuddasa [adj.] fourteen.

catuddisā [f.] the four quarters of the globe. || cātuddisa (adj.), belonging to the four directions.

catudvāra [adj.] having four gates.

catudhā [adv.] in four ways.

catunavuti [f.] ninety-four.

catupaccaya [m.] the four requisites. viz. food, clothing, medicine and lodgings.

catupaññāsā [f.] fifty-four.

catupaṇṇāsā [f.] fifty-four.

catuparisā [f.] the fourfold assembly, viz. monks, nuns, laymen, and laywomen

catuppada [m.] a quadruped.

catubbaṇṇā [m. (plu.)] people of the four castes.

catubbidha [adj.] fourfold.

catubbhidha [adj.] fourfold.

catubhūmaka [adj.] having four storeys or stages.

catumadhura [nt.] the four sweets; ghee, honey, sugar and sesemum oil.

catura [adj.] clever; skilled; shrewd.

caturaṃsa [adj.] having four edges.

caturaṅgika [adj.] consisting of four divisions.

caturaṅgula [adj.] measuring four inches.

caturanginī [f.] (an army) consisting of elephants, chariots, cavalry, and infantry.

caturassa [adj.] quadrangular.

caturāsīti [f.] eighty-four.

catuvīsati [f.] twenty-four.

catusaṭṭhi [f.] sixty-four.

catusattati [f.] seventy-four.

catta [pp. of cajati] given up; sacrificed.

cattutthī [f.] the fourth day of a fortnight; the fourth case, i.e. Dative.

cana : a particle used to express a portion of a whole: kudācana, sometimes

cana : a particle used to express a portion of a whole: kudācana, sometimes

canda [m.] the moon.

candaggāha [m.] eclipse of the moon.

candana [m.] sandal-wood tree. (nt.), sandal-wood.

candanasāra [m.] the essence of sandal-wood.

candanikā [f.] a cesspool.

candamaṇḍala [nt.] the disc of the moon.

candikā [f.] moonlight.

candimantu [m.] the moon.

candimā [m.] the moon.

capala [adj.] fickle; wavering; unsteady.

capalatā [f.] fickleness.

capu-capu-kāraka [adv.] making such a sound while eating or drinking.

camara [m.] the yak ox (in the Himalayan regions). || cāmara (nt.) a chowrie; the tail of the yak used as a whisk.

camarī [m.] the yak ox (in the Himalayan regions).

camū [f.] an army.

camūnātha [m.] a general of an army.

camūpati [m.] a general of an army.

campaka [m.] the tree Michelia Champaka.

campā [f.] name of a town in India; present Bhagalpore.

campeyyaka [adj.] belonging to Campā.

camma [nt.] a hide; leather.

cammakāra [m.] a tanner.

cammakhaṇḍa [m.] a piece of leather used as rug.

cammapasibbaka [m.] a leather bag.

caya [m.] piling; heaping; a mass.

cayaniṭṭhakā : brick.

cara : one who walks or frequents; 2. a spy. || cāra (m.), motion; action; process; going.

caraka : one who walks or frequents; 2. a spy. || cāraka (adj.), one who causes to move or act. (m.) a prison.

caraṇa [nt.] walking about; the foot; conduct; behaviour. || caraṇā (f.), wandering. cāraṇa (nt.) to causing move or act; management.

carati [car + a] walks or roams about; behaves; practises; performs.

caranta [pr.p. of carati] walking or roaming about.

caramāna [pr.p. of carati] walking or roaming about.

carahi [ind.] now.

carāpeti [caus. of carati] causes to move or practise; circulates.

carāpesi [aor. of carāpeti] caused to move or practise; circulated.

cari [aor. of carati] walked or roamed about; behaved. || cārī (adj.), (in cpds.) acting; practising; living; behaving.

carita [pp. of carati] walked or roamed about; behaved. (nt.) 1. character; behaviour; 2. life. || cārita (pp. of cāretvā), set going; pastured.

caritu [m.] performer; observer.

caritvā [abs. of carati] having walked or roamed about.

carima [adj.] the last; subsequent.

carimaka [adj.] the last; subsequent.

cariyā [f.] conduct; behaviour.

cala [adj.] moving; quivering; unsteady. || cāla (m.) a shock; a sudden agitation.

calacitta : having a fickle mind.

calati [cal + a] moves; stirs; trembles; to be agitated.

calana [nt.] movement; trembling; agitation

calanta [pr.p. of calati] moving; stiring; trembling.

calamāna [pr.p. of calati] moving; stiring; trembling.

cali [aor. of calati] moved; stired; trembled.

calita [pp. of calati] moved; stired; trembled. || cālita (pp. of caleti), shaken.

calitvā [abs. of calati] having moved; having stired; having trembled

cavati [cu + a] passes away; dies; falls away; shifts; passes from one state of existence into another.

cavana [nt.] 1. shifting; 2. falling away; 3. death. || cāvanā (f.) making to shift.

cavanta [pr.p. of cavati] falling away; shifting.

cavamāna [pr.p. of cavati] falling away; shifting.

cavi [aor. of cavati] fell away; shifted.

cavitvā [abs. of cavati] having fallen away; having shifted.

cassita [pp. of vassati] in the case of rain.

cāga [m.] gift; abandoning; giving up; generosity.

cāgānussati [f.] remembrance of one’s generosity.

cāgī [m.] one who abandons or donates.

cājitvā [abs. of cajati] having let loose; having abandoned; having given up.

cāṭi [f.] a jar; a pot.

cāṭukamyatā [f.] flattery.

cātuddasī [f.] the 14th day of a fortnight.

cātuddīpaka [adj.] covering the four continents or sweeping over the whole earth.

cātummahāpatha [m.] the place where four roads meet.

cātummahābhūtika [adj.] consisting of the four great elements.

cātummahārājika [adj.] belonging to the retinue of four Deva kings, inhabiting the lowest Deva heaven.

cāturiya [nt.] skill; shrewdness.

cāpa [m.] a bow.

cāpalla [nt.] fickleness

cāmīkara [nt.] gold.

cāraṇika [nt.] pantomime.

cārikā [f.] a journey; wandering.

cāritta [nt.] custom; conduct; practice; calling on.

cāru [adj.] charming; beautiful; pleasant.

cārudassana [adj.] lovely to behold.

cāreti [caus. of carati] causes to set going; causes to pasture; causes to feast one’s senses.

cāretvā [abs. of cāreti] having caused to set going.

cārenta [pr.p. of cāreti] setting going; pasturing.

cāresi [aor. of cāreti] caused to set going; caused to pasture.

cālayamāna [pr.p. of cāleti] causing to shake. (pr.p. of calati), shaking.

cāleti [caus. of calati] causes to shake; causes to agitate.

cāletvā [abs. of calati] having caused to shake. (abs. of cāleti), having shaken; having agitated.

cālenta [pr.p. of calati] causing to shake. (pr.p. of cāleti), shaking.

cālesi [aor. of cāleti] caused to shake; caused to agitate. (aor. of calati), shoke.

cāvita [pp. of cāveti] brought to fall; driven away.

cāveti [caus. of cavati] causes to bring to fall; causes to drive away; causes to distract.

cāvetvā [abs. of cāveti] having caused to bring to fall; having caused to drive away.

cāventa [pr.p. of cāveti] causing to bring to fall.

cāvesi [aor. of cāveti] caused to bring to fall; caused to drive away.

ci : an indefinite interrogative particle: koci = some one.

cikkhalla [nt.] mire; mud; swamp.

ciṅgulaka [nt.] a flying wheel made of a palm leaves, etc.

ciṅgulāyati [deno. of ciṅgula] revolves round.

cicciṭāyati [onom.] hisses; fizzes; makes the sound chit chit.

ciñcā [f.] tamarind.

ciṭiciṭāyati [v.] makes the sound citi-citi.

ciṇṇa [pp. of cināti] practised; made a habit of; accomplished.

cita [pp. of cināti] heaped; lined or faced with.

citaka [m.] funeral pile; pyre.

citi [f.] a heap; a cairn.

citta [nt.] mind; thought; (m.), name of a month: March-April. (adj.), variegated; manifold; beautiful. (nt.), a painting; picture.

cittaka [nt.] a sectarian mark on the forehead.

cittakata [adj.] adorned; made by the mind.

cittakathika [adj.] a brilliant speaker; an orator.

cittakathī [adj.] a brilliant speaker; an orator.

cittakamma [nt] painting; the art of painting; ornamentation.

cittakāra [m.] a painter; decorator.

cittakūṭa [m.] name of a mountain.

cittakkhepa [m.] derangement of the mind.

cittatara [adj.] more varied or diversified.

cittatā [f.] variegation; (in cpds.) being of such a mind.

cittapassaddhi [f.] serenity of mind.

cittamudutā [f.] plasticity of mind.

cittavikkhepa [m.] madness.

cittavisuddhi [f.] purity of the mind.

cittasantāpa [m.] sorrow.

cittasamatha [m.] collectedness of thought.

cittāgāra [(citta + āgāra), nt.] a picture.

cittānupassanā [(citta + anupassanā), f.] a critique of heart.

cittābhoga [(citta + ābhoga), m.] consideration.

cittīkāra [m.] respect; consideration.

cittujjukatā [(citta + ujjukatā), f.] rectitude of mind.

cittuttarāsa [(citta + uttarāsa), m.] terror; fear.

cittuppāda [(citta + uppāda), m.] rise of a thought.

citra [nt.] mind; thought; (m.), name of a month: March-April. (adj.), variegated; manifold; beautiful. (nt.), a painting; picture.

cinanta [pr.p. of cināti] collecting; accumulating.

cinamāna [pr.p. of cināti] collecting; accumulating.

cināti [ci + nā] heaps up; collects; accumulates.

cini [aor. of cināti] heaped up; collected; accumulated.

cinitvā [abs. of cināti] having heaped up; having collected.

cintaka [adj.] considerate; thoughtful; (m.) a thinker.

cintana [f.] thinking; thought; consideration.

cintanaka [adj.] considerate; thoughtful; (m.) a thinker.

cintayamāna [pr.p. of cinteti] thinking; reflecting.

cintā [f.] thinking; thought; consideration.

cintāmaṇi [m.] a wish-fulfilling gem.

cintāmaya [adj.] consisting of thought.

cintita [pp. of cinteti] thought out; invented; devised.

cintiya [abs. of cinteti] having thought.

cintī [adj.] (in cpds.), thinking of.

cintetabba [pt.p of cinteti] should be considered.

cinteti [cint + e] thinks; reflects; considers.

cintetvā [abs. of cinteti] having thought.

cintenta [pr.p. of cinteti] thinking; reflecting.

cinteyya [adj.] what should be considered.

cintesi [aor. of cinteti] thought; reflected; considered.

cimilikā [f.] a case for pillow, etc.

cira [adj.] lasting long. || cīra (nt.), fibre; a strip; a bark dress.

cira [adv] (for) a long time.

cirakāla [m.] a long time.

cirakāla [adv.] a long time.

ciraṭṭhitika [adj.] lasting long; perpetual.

ciratara [adv.] a further long time.

ciratta [adv.] a long time.

cirattāya [adv.] for a long time.

ciradikkhita [adj.] having long since become a monk.

ciranivāsī [adj.] dweller for a long time.

cirapaṭikā [ind.] long since.

cirapabbajita [adj.] having long since become a monk.

cirappavāsī [adj.] a person long absent from his home.

ciraratta [adv.] for a long time.

cirasanthuta [adj.] acquainted for a long time.

cirassa [adv.] a very long time; at last.

cirāya [adv.] for a long time.

cirāyati [deno. from cira] tarries; delays.

cirāyanta [pr.p. of cirāyati] tarrying; delaying.

cirāyi [aor. of cirāyati] tarried; delayed.

cirāyita [pp. of cirāyati] tarried; delayed.

cirāyitvā [abs. of cirāyati] having tarried.

cirecetvā [abs. of vireceti] having purged.

cirena [adv.] after a long time.

cīnapiṭṭha [nt.] red lead.

cīnaraṭṭha [nt.] China.

cīraka [nt] fibre; a strip; a bark dress.

cīrī [f.] a cricket.

cīvara [nt.] the yellow robe (of a Buddhist monk).

cīvarakaṇṇa [nt.] the lappet of a robe.

cīvarakamma [nt.] robe-making.

cīvarakāra [m.] deviser of a robe; robe-maker.

cīvaradāna [nt.] donation of robes.

cīvaradussa [nt.] cloth for robes.

cīvararajju [f.] a rope for hanging the robes.

cīvaravaṃsa [m.] a bamboo for hanging up robes.

cuṇṇa [nt.] powder; chunam; soap-powder.

cuṇṇaka [nt.] scented powder.

cuṇṇakacālanī [f.] a sieve.

cuṇṇakajāta [adj.] reduced to powder.

cuṇṇavicuṇṇa [adj.] crushed to bits; smashed.

cuṇṇita [pp. of cuṇṇeti] ground; powdered; crushed.

cuṇṇīyati [pass. of cuṇṇeti] is ground.

cuṇṇeti [cuṇṇ + e] grinds; powders; crushes.

cuṇṇetvā [abs. of cuṇṇeti] having ground; having powdered; having crushed.

cuṇṇenta [pr.p. of cuṇṇeti] grinding; powdering.

cuṇṇesi [aor. of cuṇṇeti] ground; powdered; crushed.

cuta [pp. of codeti] incited; reproved; accused. (pp. of cavati), fallen away; shifted.

cuti [f.] shifting; passing away; vanishing.

cuditaka [m.] an accused; (adj.), being reproved.

cuddasa [adj.] fourteen.

cundakāra [m.] a turner.

cubuka [nt.] the chin.

cumbaṭa [nt.] a pad; a coil.

cumbaṭaka [nt.] a pad; a coil.

cumbati [cumb + a] kisses.

cumbanta [pr.p. of cumbati] kissing.

cumbamāna [pr.p. of cumbati] kissing.

cumbi [aor. of cumbati] kissed.

cumbita [pp. of cumbati] kissed.

cumbitvā [abs. of cumbati] having kissed.

culla [adj.] small; minor.

cullantevāsika [m.] a page.

cullapitu [m] uncle.

cullupaṭṭhāka [(culla + upaṭṭhāka), m.] a personal attendant; page boy.

cūcuka [nt.] the nipple; teat.

cūla [adj.] small; minor. || cūḷā (f.) crest; a lock of hair left on the crown of the head; cockscomb.

cūḷāmaṇi [m.] diadem; a jewel worn in the crest.

cūḷikā [f.] a knot of hair.

ce [conditional particle] if.

ceṭaka [m.] a servant boy.

ceṭikā [f.] a maid servant.

ceṭī [f.] a maid servant.

ceta [m.; nt.] (mano-group), thought; intention; purpose. || ceṭa (m.), a servant boy.

cetanā [f.] intention.

cetayati [cit + aya] perceives; thinks.

cetayi [aor. of cetayitvā] perceived; thought.

cetayita [pp. of cetayitvā] perceived; thought.

cetayitvā [abs. of cetayitvā] having perceived; having thought.

cetasa [adj.] (in cpds.), having the purpose of. pāpacetasa = evil-minded.

cetasika [adj.] mental; (nt.), a mental property.

cetāpeti [cit + āpe] gets in exchange; barters.

cetiya [nt.] a sepulchral monument; a pagoda.

cetiyagabbha [m.] the dome of a pagoda.

cetiyaṅgaṇa [nt.] the open space around a pagoda.

cetiyapabbata [m.] name of a mountain in Ceylon, present Mihintale.

ceteti : see cetayati.

cetetvā [abs. of cetayitvā] having perceived; having thought.

ceto : is the form that ceta takes in cpds.

cetokhila [nt.] fallowness; waste of mind.

cetopaṇidhi [f.] resolution; aspiration.

cetopariyañāṇa [nt.] understanding the ways of others’ thought.

cetopasāda [m.] gladdening of heart.

cetovimutti [f.] emancipation of heart.

cetosamatha [m.] calmness of mind.

cela [nt.] cloth; garment.

celavitāna [nt.] an awning.

celukkhepa [(cela + ukkhepa) m.] waving of garments (as a sign of applause.)

coca [m] banana.

cocapāna [nt.] a sweet drink made of banana.

codaka [m.] a plaintiff; one who censures of complains.

codanā [f.] reproof; accusation; plaint.

codayamāna [pr.p. of codeti] inciting; reproving.

codita [pp. of codeti] incited; reproved; accused.

codiya [abs. of codeti] having incited; having reproved; having accused.

codeti [cud + e] incites; reproves; accuses.

codetu [m.] a plaintiff; one who censures of complains.

codetvā [abs. of codeti] having incited; having reproved; having accused.

codenta [pr.p. of codeti] inciting; reproving.

codesi [aor. of codeti] incited; reproved; accused.

copana [nt.] stirring.

cora [m.] a thief; robber.

coraghātaka [m.] executioner of robbers.

corikā [f.] theft.

corī [f.] a female thief.

corupaddava [(cora + upaddava) m.] an attack from robbers.

coḷa [m.] cloth.

coḷaka [nt.] a piece of cloth; a rag.

coḷaraṭṭha [nt.] the country Coḷa in South India.

coḷiya [adj.] belonging to the Coḷa country.


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