Concise Pali-English Dictionary
A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera

– Bh –


bhakkha [adj.] fit to be eaten; eatable. (nt.), food; prey. (in cpds.), feeding on.

bhakkhaka [m.] one who eats.

bhakkhati [bhakkh + a] eats; feeds upon.

bhakkhana [nt.] eating.

bhakkhi [aor. of bhakkhati] ate; fed upon.

bhakkhita [pp. of bhakkhati] eaten; fed upon.

bhakkheti [bhakkh + e] see bhakkhati.

bhakhituṃ [inf. of bhakkhati] to eat; to feed upon.

bhaga [nt.] luck; fortune; the female organ. || bhāga (m.) a portion; part; share; faction.

bhagandalā [f.] the fistula.

bhagavantu [adj.] fortunate. (m.), the Buddha. || bhāgavantu (adj.) sharing in; partaking of.

bhaginī [f.] sister.

bhagga [pp. of bhañjati] broken; destroyed.

bhaṅga [m.] breaking up; dissolution. (nt.), the humped cloth.

bhaṅgakkhaṇa [m.] the moment of dissolution.

bhaṅgānupassanā [f.] insight into disruption.

bhacca [m.] a servant; a dependant. (adj.), to be nourished or brought up.

bhajati [bhaj + a] associates with; keeps company.

bhajana [nt.] association with. || bhājana (nt.) association with.

bhajamāna [pr.p. of bhajati] associating with; keeping company.

bhaji [aor. of bhajati] associated with; kept company.

bhajita [pp. of bhajati] associated with; kept company. || bhājita (pp. of bhājeti) divided; distributed.

bhajitabba [pt.p. of bhajati] should be associated.

bhajitvā [abs. of bhajati] having associated with; having kept company.

bhajjati [bhaj + a] roasts; toasts.

bhajjamāna [pr.p. of bhajjati] roasting; toasting.

bhajji [aor. of bhajjati] roasted; toasted.

bhajjita [pp. of bhajjati] roasted; toasted.

bhajjitvā [abs. of bhajjati] having roasted; having toasted.

bhajjīyati [pass. of bhajjati] is roasted.

bhañjaka [adj.] one who breaks or spoils.

bhañjati [bhañj + a] breaks; destroys.

bhañjana [nt.] breakage; destruction.

bhañjanaka [adj.] breaking; destroying.

bhañjanta [pr.p. of bhañjati] breaking; destroying.

bhañjamāna [pr.p. of bhañjati] breaking; destroying.

bhañji [aor. of bhañjati] broke; destroyed.

bhañjita [pp. of bhañjati] broken; destroyed.

bhañjitvā [abs. of bhañjati] having broken; having destroyed.

bhaṭasenā : an infantry.

bhaṭṭha [pp. of bhassati] fallen down; dropped. (pp. of bhajjati), roasted; fallen down; dropped.

bhaṇata [pp. of bhaṇati] spoke; told; preached.

bhaṇati [bhaṇ + a] speaks; tells; preaches.

bhaṇanta [pr.p. of bhaṇati] speaking; telling; preaching.

bhaṇi [aor. of bhaṇati] spoke; told; preached. || bhāṇī (adj.), speaking; reciting.

bhaṇita [pp. of bhaṇati] spoken; told; preached. (nt.) that which was spoken.

bhaṇitabba [pt.p. of bhaṇati] shoud be spoken; should be told.

bhaṇituṃ [inf. of bhaṇati] to speak; to tell; to preach.

bhaṇitvā [abs. of bhaṇati] having spoken; having told.

bhaṇe [ind.] a term often used for addressing inferiors.

bhaṇḍa [nt.] good; wares; implements; articles.

bhaṇḍaka [nt.] good; wares; implements; articles.

bhaṇḍati [bhaṇḍ + a] quarrels.

bhaṇḍana [nt.] a quarrel; a dispute.

bhaṇḍāgāra [nt.] a storehouse or treasury.

bhaṇḍāgārika [m.] a store keeper or treasurer.

bhaṇḍi [aor. of bhaṇḍati] quarrelled.

bhaṇḍikā [f.] a bundle or parcel.

bhaṇḍu [m.] a person who is shaven.

bhaṇḍukamma [nt.] shaving.

bhaṇḍeti [bhaṇḍ + e] quarrel.

bhaṇḍetvā [abs. of bhaṇḍeti] having quarrelled.

bhaṇḍesi [aor. of bhaṇḍeti] quarrelled.

bhata [pp. of bharati] brought up; maintained; reared; born; supported. (m.), a servant. || bhaṭa (m.) a soldier; a constable; a hireling.

bhataka [m.] a hired servant.

bhati [f.] wages; fee. || bhāti (bhā + a), shines.

bhatta [nt.] boiled rice; food; meal.

bhattakāraka [m.] a cook.

bhattakicca [nt.] taking of meals.

bhattakilamatha [m.] drowsiness after a meal.

bhattagāma [m.] a village giving tribute or service.

bhattagga [nt.] a refectory.

bhattapuṭa [nt.] a parcel of food.

bhattavissagga [m.] serving a meal.

bhatta-vissagga-karaṇatthāya : for taking meals.

bhattavetana [nt.] food and fees.

bhattavelā [f.] mealtime.

bhattasammada [m.] drowsiness after a meal.

bhatti [f.] devotion; belief; attachment.

bhattika [adj.] devoted; believing in.

bhattimantu [adj.] devoted; believing in.

bhattu [m.] a husband; one who support or brings up.

bhadanta [adj.] venerable; reverend. (m.) a venerable person.

bhadda [adj.] august; auspicious; lucky; good. || bhaddā (f.) a well-behaved woman.

bhaddaka [nt.] a lucky or good thing. (adj.), of good quality; lucky.

bhaddakaccānā [f.] another name for Rāhula’s mother, Yasodharā.

bhaddakumbha [m.] a full pitcher, (accepted as auspicious).

bhaddaghaṭa [m.] a vessel used in drawing lots in a lottery.

bhaddanta [adj.] venerable; reverend. (m.; adj.), venerable person.

bhaddapadā [f.] name of a constellation.

bhaddapīṭha [nt.] a rattan chair.

bhaddamukha [adj.] having a hand-some face; complementary address.

bhaddayuga [nt.] the best pair.

bhaddāru [m.] a sort of pine, the deodar tree.

bhaddikā [f.] a well-behaved woman.

bhadra [adj.] august; auspicious; lucky; good.

bhanta [pp. of bhamati] swaying; swerving; revolved; whirled about; roamed.

bhantatta [nt.] confusion; turmoil.

bhante [voc. of bhadanta] Reverend Sir; O lord.

bhabba [adj.] able; capable; fit for.

bhabbatā [f.] ability; fitness.

bhama [m.] a revolving thing; a whirl pool; swerving.

bhamakāra [m.] a turner.

bhamati [bham + a] revolves; whirls about; roams.

bhamanta [pr.p. of bhamati] revolving; whirling about; roaming.

bhamara [m.] a wasp.

bhamarikā [f.] a humming top.

bhami [aor. of bhamati] revolved; whirled about; roamed.

bhamitvā [abs. of bhamati] having revolved; having whirled about; having roamed.

bhamu [f.] the eyebrow.

bhamukā [f.] the eyebrow.

bhaya [nt.] fear; fright.

bhayaṅkara [adj.] dreadful; horrible.

bhayadassāvī [adj.] realising the danger.

bhayadassī [adj.] realising the danger.

bhaya-bherava [adj.] appalling and terrible.

bhayānaka [adj.] frightful; horrible.

bhayāvaha [adj.] frightful; horrible.

bhara [adj.] (in cpds.),supporting. mātāpettibhara = one who supports his parents. || bhāra (m.) a weight; load; burden; charge; task; an affair.

bharaṇa [nt.] maintenance; bearing.

bharati [bhar + a] bears; supports; maintains.

bhari [aor. of bharati] bear; supports; maintains.

bharita [pp. of bharita] filled with; full of; maintained.

bharitvā [abs. of bharati] having born; having supported.

bhariyā [f.] the wife. || bhāriya (adj.) weighty; grave; serious.

bhallātaka [m.] the marking-nut tree.

bhava [m.] the state of existence. || bhāva (m.) condition; nature; becoming.

bhavagga [m.] the highest point of existence or of the universe.

bhavaṅga [nt.] the sub- consciousness.

bhavacakka [nt.] the wheel of rebirth.

bhavataṇhā [f.] craving for rebirth.

bhavati [bhu + a] becomes; to be; exists.

bhavana [nt.] becoming; a dwelling place. || bhāvanā (f.) increase; development by means of thought; meditation.

bhavanetti [f.] craving for rebirth.

bhavanta [pr.p. of bhavati] becoming; existing. (adj.), prosperous; a polite word often used in the place of “you”.

bhavantaga [adj.] gone to the end of existence.

bhavantagū [adj.] gone to the end of existence.

bhavantara [nt.] another existence.

bhavamāna [pr.p. of bhavati] becoming; existing.

bhavasaṃyojana [nt.] fetter of rebirth.

bhavābhava [m.] this or that life.

bhavi [aor. of bhavati] became; existed. || bhāvī (adj.) going to be; inevitable.

bhavitabba [pt.p. of bhavati] should be existed.

bhavituṃ [inf. of bhavati] to become; to exist.

bhavitvā [abs. of bhavati] having existed.

bhavesanā [f.] longing for rebirth.

bhavogha [m.] the flood of rebirth.

bhastā [f.] the bellows; a leather bag.

bhasma [nt.] ashes.

bhasmacchanna [adj.] covered with ashes.

bhassa [nt.] useless talk.

bhassati [bhas + ya] falls down; drops; descends.

bhassanta [pr.p. of bhassati] falling down.

bhassamāna [pr.p. of bhassati] falling down.

bhassara [adj.] bright; shining; resplendent.

bhassārāmatā [f.] attachment to useless talk.

bhassi [aor. of bhassati] fell down; dropped.

bhassitvā [abs. of bhassati] having fell dow.

bhā [f.] the light; splendour.

bhākuṭika [adj.] knitting the brows; frowning.

bhāgadheya [nt.] fortune; fate.

bhāgadheyya [nt.] fortune; fate.

bhāgaso [adv.] in parts; by portions.

bhāgineyya [m.] sister’s son; nephew. || bhāgineyyā (f.) sister’s daughter; niece.

bhāgiya [adj.] (in cpds.) connected with; conducive to.

bhāgī [adj.] sharing in; partaking of. (m.) sharer; share-holder.

bhāgīrathī [f.] the ganges.

bhāgya [nt.] good luck; fortune.

bhājaka [m.] one who divides or distribution.

bhājanavikati [f.] various kinds of dishes or vessels.

bhājīyati [pass. of bhājeti] is divided or distributed.

bhājetabba [pt.p. of bhājeti] should be divided; should be distributed.

bhājeti [bhāj + e] divides; distributes.

bhājetu [m.] one who divides or distribution.

bhājetvā [abs. of bhājeti] having divided; having distributed.

bhājenta [pr.p. of bhājeti] dividing; distributing.

bhājesi [aor. of bhājeti] divided; distributed.

bhāṇaka [m.] 1. a reciter of the Scriptures. 2. a big jar.

bhāṇavāra [m.] a section of the scriptures, containing 8,000 letters.

bhātika [m.] a brother.

bhātu [m.] a brother.

bhānu [m.] 1. light; 2. the sun.

bhānumantu [adj.] luminous; (m.), the sun.

bhāyati [bhi + a] is afraid; fears.

bhāyanta [pr.p. of bhāyati] fearing.

bhāyāpita [pp. of bhāyāpeti] cuased to frighten.

bhāyāpeti [caus. of bhāyati] causes to frighten.

bhāyāpetvā [abs. of bhāyāpeti] having caused to frighte.

bhāyāpesi [aor. of bhāyāpeti] caused to frighten.

bhāyi [aor. of bhāyati] feared.

bhāyitabba [pt.p. of bhāyati] should be afraid.

bhāyitvā [abs. of bhāyati] having feared.

bhāranikkhepana [nt.] the laying down of a burden or charge.

bhāramocana [nt.] deliverance of a burden.

bhāravāhī [m.] bearing the burden; one who carries an office.

bhārahāra [m.] burden-bearer; load-carrier.

bhārika [adj.] loaded; heavy; full of.

bhāvanānuyoga [m.] application to meditation.

bhāvanāmaya [adj.] accomplished by meditation.

bhāvanāvidhāna [nt.] arrangement or process of meditation.

bhāvanīya [adj.] to be cultivated; to be respected.

bhāvayamāna [pr.p. of bhāveti] increasing; cultivating; developing.

bhāvita [pp. of bhāveti] increased; cultivated; developed.

bhāvitatta [adj.] well-trained; self-composed.

bhāvetabba [pt.p. of bhāveti] should be cultivated.

bhāveti [bhū+ e] increases; cultivates; develops.

bhāvetuṃ [inf. of bhāveti] to increase; to cultivate; to develop.

bhāvetvā [abs. of bhāveti] having increased; having cultivated; having developed.

bhāventa [pr.p. of bhāveti] increasing; cultivating; developing.

bhāvesi [aor. of bhāveti] increased; cultivated; developed.

bhāsati [bhās + a] says; speaks; shines.

bhāsana [nt.] speech; saying; talk.

bhāsanta [pr.p. of bhāsati] saying; speaking; shining.

bhāsantara [nt.] different language.

bhāsā [f.] language; dialect.

bhāsi [aor. of bhāti] shone. (aor. of bhāsati), said; spoke; shone. || bhāsī (m.) one who says or speaks.

bhāsita [pp. of bhāsati] said; spoken; shone. (nt.), saying.

bhāsitabba [pt.p of bhāsati] should be said; should be spoken; should be shone

bhāsitu [m.] one who says or speaks.

bhāsitvā [abs. of bhāsati] having said; having spoken; having shone.

bhāsura [adj.] bright; shining.

bhiṃsana [adj.] horrible; dreadful; awe-inspiring.

bhiṃsanaka [adj.] horrible; dreadful; awe-inspiring.

bhikkhaka [m.] a beggar; mendicant.

bhikkhati [bhikkh + a] begs alms; asks for.

bhikkhana [nt.] begging.

bhikkhanta [pr.p. of bhikkhati] begging alms; asking for.

bhikkhamāna [pr.p. of bhikkhati] begging alms; asking for.

bhikkhā [f.] alms; food.

bhikkhācariyā [f.] going about for alms.

bhikkhācāra [m.] going about for alms.

bhikkhāhāra [(bhikkhā + āhāra), m.] food received by a mendicant.

bhikkhi [aor. of bhikkhati] begged alms; asked for.

bhikkhitvā [abs. of bhikkhati] having begged alms; having asked for.

bhikkhu [m.] a Buddhist monk.

bhikkhuṇī [f.] a Buddhist nun.

bhikkhubhāva [m.] monkshood.

bhikkhusaṅgha [m.] congregation of monks.

bhiṅka [m.] a young elephant.

bhiṅkāra [m.] a water-jug.

bhiṅsana [adj.] horrible; dreadful; awe-inspiring.

bhiṅsanaka [adj.] horrible; dreadful; awe-inspiring.

bhijjati [bhid + ya] is broken or destroyed.

bhijjadhamma [adj.] brittle; falling into ruin.

bhijjana [nt.] breaking itself.

bhijjanadhamma [adj.] brittle; falling into ruin.

bhijjamāna [pr.p. of bhijjati] breaking; destroying.

bhijji [aor. of bhijjati] broke; destroyed.

bhijjitvā [abs. of bhijjati] having broken; having destroyed.

bhitti [f.] a wall.

bhittipāda [m.] the foot or foundation of a wall.

bhindati [bhid + ṃ – a] breaks; splits; severs.

bhindana [nt.] breaking up.

bhindanta [pr.p. of bhindati] breaking; splitting; severing.

bhindi [aor. of bhindati] broke; split; severed.

bhindita [pp. of bhindati] broken; split; severed.

bhindituṃ [inf. of bhindati] to break; to split; to sever.

bhinditvā [abs. of bhindati] having broken; having split; having severed.

bhinna [pp. of bhindati] broken; split; severed. (pp. of bhijjati), broken; destroyed.

bhinnatta [nt.] state of being broken; diversity.

bhinnapaṭa [nt.] a torn clothe.

bhinnabhāva [m.] state of being broken; diversity.

bhinnamariyāda [adj.] gone beyond the limits.

bhinnasīla [adj.] one who has broken some precepts.

bhinnāva [adj.] shipwrecked.

bhiyyo [ind.] exceedingly; more; in a higher degree; repeatedly.

bhiyyoso [ind.] exceedingly; more; in a higher degree; repeatedly.

bhiyyoso mattāya : exceedingly; more than one’s ability.

bhisa [nt.] the root of lotus plant.

bhisakka [m.] a physician.

bhisapuppha [nt.] lotus flower.

bhisamuḷāla [nt.] lotus bulb and roots.

bhisi [f.] cushion; a pad; a bolster.

bhīta [pp. of bhāyati] frightened.

bhīti [f.] fear.

bhīma [adj.] dreadful; horrible.

bhīyoso mattāya [ind.] still more.

bhīru [adj.] timid; fearful; cowardly.

bhīruka [adj.] timid; fearful; cowardly.

bhīruttāna [nt.] refuge for the fearful.

bhīsana [adj.] dreadful; horrible.

bhuñjitvā [abs. of bhuñjati] having eaten; having enjoyed.

bhuñjiya [abs. of bhuñjati] having eaten; having enjoyed.

bhukkaraṇa [nt.] barking (of a dog).

bhukkāra [m.] barking (of a dog).

bhuṅkata [pp. of bhuṅkaroti] barked.

bhuṅkatvā [abs. of bhuṅkaroti] having barked.

bhuṅkaraṇa [nt.] barking.

bhuṅkari [aor. of bhuṅkaroti] barked.

bhuṅkaritvā [abs. of bhuṅkaroti] having barked.

bhuṅkaroti [bhuṅ + kar + o] barks.

bhuṅkaronta [pr.p. of bhuṅkaroti] barking.

bhuṅkāra [m.] barking (of a dog).

bhuja [m.] the hand. (adj.), crooked; bending.

bhujaga [m.] a snake.

bhujaṅga [m.] a snake.

bhujaṅgama [m.] a snake.

bhujapatta [m.] the Bhurja tree, a kind of willow.

bhujissa [m.] a freeman.

bhuñjaka [m.] one who eats or enjoys.

bhuñjati [bhuj + ṃ-a] eats; enjoys.

bhuñjana [nt.] eating.

bhuñjanakāla [m.] meal-time.

bhuñjanta [pr.p. of bhuñjati] eating; enjoying.

bhuñjamāna [pr.p. of bhuñjati] eating; enjoying.

bhuñji [aor. of bhuñjati] ate; enjoyed.

bhuñjitabba [pt.p. of bhuñjati] eating; enjoying.

bhuñjitu [m.] one who eats or enjoys.

bhuñjituṃ [inf. of bhuñjati] to eat; to enjoy.

bhutta [pp. of bhuñjati] eaten; enjoyed.

bhuttāvī [adj.] one who has eaten; enjoyed.

bhutvā [abs. of bhuñjati] having eaten; having enjoyed. || bhūtvā (abs. of bhavati), having existed.

bhumma [adj.] terrestrial. (in cpds.), having stages or stories.

bhummaṭṭha [adj.] situated on the earth.

bhummattharaṇa [nt.] a ground covering; carpet.

bhummantara [nt.] different stages or planes.

bhusa [nt.] chaff; husks (of corn). (adj.), much; abundant. || bhūsā (f.) an ornament; decoration.

bhusaṃ [adv.] exceedingly; frequently.

bhussati [bhus + ya] barks.

bhussanta [pr.p. of bhussati] barking.

bhussamāna [pr.p. of bhussati] barking.

bhussi [aor. of bhussati] barked.

bhussitvā [abs. of bhussati] having barked.

bhū [f.] the earth.

bhūta [pp. of bhavati] become; existed.

bhūtakāya [m.] the body, which is produced by elements.

bhūtakāla [m.] time to reveal one’s true nature.

bhūtagāma [m.] vegetation.

bhūtagāha [m.] possession by a demon.

bhūtatta [nt.] the fact of having become.

bhūtapati [m.] lord of demons.

bhūtapubbaṃ [adv.] formerly.

bhūtavādī [adj.] truthful.

bhūtavijjā [f.] exorcism.

bhūtavejja [m.] an exorcist.

bhūtika [adj.] composed of elements.

bhūma [adj.] (in cpds.), having floors or stories.

bhūmaka [adj.] (in cpds.), having floors or stories.

bhūmi [f.] ground; earth; region; stage; plane.

bhūmikampā [f.] an earthquake.

bhūmigata [adj.] situated on the ground or stored away in the ground.

bhūmitala [nt.] ground surface.

bhūmippadesa [m.] a piece of land.

bhūmibhāga [m.] a piece of land.

bhūmisenāpati [m.] lord of country and army.

bhūri [f.] wisdom. (adj.), extensive; abundant.

bhūripañña [adj.] of extensive wisdom.

bhūrimedha [adj.] of extensive wisdom.

bhūsana [nt.] an ornament; decoration.

bhūsāpita [pp. of bhūsāpeti] caused to adorn or decorate.

bhūsāpeti [caus. of bhūseti] causes to adorn or decorate.

bhūsāpetvā [abs. of bhūsāpeti] having caused to adorn or decorate.

bhūsāpesi [aor. of bhūsāpeti] caused to adorn or decorate.

bhūsita [pp. of bhūseti] adorned; decorated; beautified.

bhūseti [bhūs + e] adorns; decorates; beautifies.

bhūsetvā [abs. of bhūseti] having adorned; having decorated; having beautified.

bhūsenta [pr.p. of bhūseti] adorning; decorating; beautifying.

bhūsesi [aor. of bhūseti] adorned; decorated; beautified.

bheka [m.] a frog.

bhejja [adj.] brittle; breakable. (nt.), breaking or cutting off.

bheṇḍivāla [m.] a kind of missile.

bheṇḍu [m.] a ball for playing; a ball-shaped top or cupola.

bheṇḍuka [m.] a ball for playing; a ball-shaped top or cupola.

bhettu [m.] one who breaks.

bheda [m.] breach; disunion; dissension.

bhedaka [adj.] one who breaks or causes disunion.

bhedakara [adj.] bringing division or disunion.

bhedana [nt.] breach; division; disunion.

bhedanaka [adj.] fit to be broken.

bhedanadhamma [adj.] perishable.

bhedita [pp. of bhedeti] caused to break, divide or disunite.

bhedeti [bhid + e] causes to break, divide or disunite.

bhedetvā [abs. of bhedeti] having caused to break, divide or disunite.

bhedesi [aor. of bhedeti] caused to break, divide or disunite.

bheraṇḍa [m.] a jackal.

bheraṇḍaka [nt.] the cry of a jackal.

bherava [adj.] frightful.

bheri [f.] a drum.

bhericāraṇa [nt.] proclamation through sounding a drum.

bheritala [nt.] the surface of a drum.

bherivādaka [m.] a drummer.

bherivādana [nt.] sounding of a drum.

bherisadda [m.] sound of a drum.

bhesajja [nt.] medicine.

bhesajjakapāla [nt.] medicine bowl.

bhesajjamattā [f.] a dose of medicine.

bho [ind.] (a familiar term of address), my dear; friend.

bhoga [m.] possession; wealth; enjoyment; the coil of a snake.

bhogakkhandha [m.] a mass of wealth.

bhogamada [m.] pride of wealth.

bhogavantu [adj.] wealthy.

bhogahetu [adv.] on account of wealth.

bhogāma [m.] a tributary village.

bhogī [m.] snake; a wealthy man. (adj.), (in cpds.), enjoying; partaking in.

bhogga [adj.] fit to be enjoyed or possessed.

bhojaka [m.] one who feeds; a collector of revenues.

bhojana [nt.] food; meal.

bhojaniya [adj.] fit to be eaten. (nt.), soft food.

bhojayamāna [pr.p. of bhojeti] feeding.

bhojāpita [pp. of bhojāpeti] fed or served at meal.

bhojāpeti [bhuj + āpe] feeds or serves at meal.

bhojāpetvā [abs. of bhojāpeti] having fed or served at meal.

bhojāpesi [aor. of bhojāpeti] feed or served at meal.

bhojita [pp. of bhojeti] fed.

bhojī [adj.] feeding on.

bhojeti [bhuj + e] feeds.

bhojetuṃ [inf. of bhojeti] to feed.

bhojetvā [abs. of bhojeti] having fed.

bhojenta [pr.p. of bhojeti] feeding.

bhojesi [aor. of bhojeti] fed.

bhojja [nt.] an edible thing. (adj.), fit to be eaten.

bhoti [voc. sing.] Dear Madam.

bhottabba : see bhojja.

bhottuṃ [inf. of bhuñjati] to eat; to enjoy.

bhovādī [m.] a Brahman.

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